Free-Stream Turbulence Effects on Film Cooling With Shaped Holes


A comprehensive set of generic experiments has been conducted to investigate the effect of elevated free-stream turbulence on film cooling performance of shaped holes. A row of three cylindrical holes as a reference case, and two rows of holes with expanded exits, a fanshaped (expanded in lateral direction), and a laidback fanshaped hole (expanded in lateral and streamwise direction) have been employed. With an external (hot gas) Mach number of Mam=0.3 operating conditions are varied in terms of free-stream turbulence intensity (up to 11%), integral length scale at constant turbulence intensity (up to 3.5 hole inlet diameters), and blowing ratio. The temperature ratio is fixed at 0.59 leading to an engine-like density ratio of 1.7. The results indicate that shaped and cylindrical holes exhibit very different reactions to elevated free-stream turbulence levels. For cylindrical holes film cooling effectiveness is reduced with increased turbulence level at low blowing ratios whereas a small gain in effectiveness can be observed at high blowing ratios. For shaped holes, increased turbulence intensity is detrimental even for the largest blowing ratio (M=2.5). In comparison to the impact of turbulence intensity the effect of varying the integral length scale is found to be of minor importance. Finally the effect of elevated free-stream turbulence in terms of heat transfer coefficients was found to be much more pronounced for the shaped holes.