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A New Test Facility to Investigate Film Cooling on a Non-Axisymmetric Contoured Turbine Endwall, Part I: Introduction and Aerodynamic

A New Test Facility to Investigate Film Cooling on a Non-Axisymmetric Contoured Turbine Endwall, Part I: Introduction and Aerodynamic
Tagung:

ASME Turbo Expo 2015
Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition

Links:DOI
Tagungsort:

Montreal, Canada

Autoren:

Pütz, Franz
Kneer, Johannes
Schulz, Achmed
Bauer, H.-J.

Zeit:

15.06.2015 - 19.06.2015

Quelle:

Paper No.: GT2015-42272

An increased demand for lower emission of stationary gas turbines as well as civil aircraft engines has led to new, low emission combustor designs with less liner cooling and a flattened temperature profile at the outlet. As a consequence, the heat load on the endwall of the first nozzle guide vane is increased. The secondary flow field dominates the endwall heat transfer, which also contributes to aerodynamic losses. A promising approach to reduce these losses is non-axisymmetric endwall contouring. The effects of non-axisymmetric endwall contouring on heat transfer and film cooling are yet to be investigated. Therefore, a new cascade test rig has been set up in order to investigate endwall heat transfer and film cooling on both a flat and a non-axisymmetric contoured endwall. Aerodynamic measurements that have been made prior to the upcoming heat transfer investigation are shown. Periodicity and detailed vane Mach number distributions ranging from 0 to 50% span together with the static pressure distribution on the endwall give detailed information about the aerodynamic behavior and influence of the endwall contouring. The aerodynamic study is backed by an oil paint study, which reveals qualitative information on the effect of the contouring on the endwall flow field. Results show that the contouring has a pronounced effect on vane and endwall pressure distribution and on the endwall flow field. The local increase and decrease of velocity and the reduced blade loading towards the endwall is the expected behavior of the 3d contouring. So are the results of the oil paint visualization, which show a strong change of flow field in the leading edge region as well as that the contouring delays the horse shoe vortex hitting the suction side.