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Cooling Efficiency for Assessing the Cooling Performance of an Effusion Cooled Combustor Liner

Cooling Efficiency for Assessing the Cooling Performance of an Effusion Cooled Combustor Liner
Tagung:

ASME Turbo Expo 2013
Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
Paper GT2013-94304

Tagungsort:

San Antonio, Texas, USA

Datum:

June 3-7, 2013

Autoren:

Wurm,B.
Schulz,A.
Bauer,H.-J.
Gerendas,M.

Abstract

Based on experimental results on a liner of a modern direct lean injection combustion chamber using coolant ejection from both effusion cooling holes and a starter film, a method is presented that allows the assessment of the cooling performance of the liner.
As the main focus of the present study is a deeper understanding of the interaction of swirl flow and near wall cooling flow, wall pressure measurements are performed for the calculation of local blowing ratios and local coolant mass fluxes. Thermal investigations allow the calculation of adiabatic film cooling effectiveness and heat transfer coefficients. The pressure drop across the effusion cooled liner is varied between 1% and 3% of the total pressure of the main flow. As experiments are performed without combustion and at low temperature, the influence of radiation is neglected. Results show the impact of the swirled main flow on the stability of the starter film and on the effusion cooling performance. Stagnation areas which could be identified by wall pressure measurements are confirmed by detailed PIV measurements. Thermal investigations reveal reduced cooling performance in the respective stagnation areas.
For the definition of the non dimensional cooling efficiency the measurement area is sub divided into rhombic sections, which are located around each effusion cooling hole. Based on the measurement results presented, heat fluxes per unit area can then be calculated and put together to the cooling efficiency.